Arup and CLS Architetti have shared plans to showcase a 3D printed one-bedroom house at Milan’s design festival, Salone del Mobile next month. 3D Housing 05 has been designed to be disassembled and relocated. The team aims to demonstrate that 3D printing concrete technology is now advanced enough to produce flexible and sustainable buildings, quickly and affordably.
The prototype house is currently being printed on site, in Milan’s central square, Piazza Cesare Beccaria, near the Duomo Cathedral. The project has been revealed today in a press conference introduced by Mrs. Cristina Tajani representing the Municipality of Milan. The one-storey home with a living area, bedroom, kitchen and bathroom covers an area of 100 square meters.
A robot from Cybe Construction is being used to print the walls; the roof, windows, doors and fit out will be completed as soon as the concrete has been fully consolidated. Italcementi, one of the world’s largest cement suppliers, is providing advice on the base mix for the concrete used during the printing operations.
“The construction industry is one of the world’s biggest users of resources and emitters of CO2. We want to bring a paradigm shift in the way the construction industry operates and believe that 3D printing technology is critical to making buildings more sustainable and efficient. It creates less waste during construction and materials can be repurposed and reused at the end of their life. ” Guglielmo CarraEurope Materials Consulting Lead at Arup
Arup, working with CLS Architects on the design, has provided structural engineering and materials consulting services.
The 3D house aims to move away from the “make, use, dispose” model used by the construction industry which accounts for 60 per cent of all raw materials consumed in the UK alone. Arup, a knowledge partner of the Ellen McArthur Foundation, has used lessons from its innovative Circular Building, constructed out of fully re-usable components.
The house will be disassembled after Salone del Mobile and reassembled in a new location. “3D printing will contribute to breaking the conventional barriers in engineering and architecture. The use of new technologies alongside a new digital approach to the built environment will be instrumental to creating even more complex multi-storey 3D printed buildings.”