Fused Feedstock Depositioning (FFD)

What is Fused Feedstock Depositioning?

Germany-based 3D-figo promises to enable the use of ceramic injection molding powders (CIM) inside a desktop extrusion 3D printer, using a proprietary process (similar to FDM) which it refers to as Fused Feedstock Depositioning. This would enable faster and more convenient ceramic production, similarly to the use of pellets instead of filaments for polymer 3D printing. It is, however, unclear at this time, when and if the system will become commercially available.

Advantages Disadvantages
  • Ability to use ceramic feedstock (CIM)
  • No clear information available
  • Low cost of materials
  • Small size of system
  • Use of technical ceramics
  • No clear indication on commercial availability of hardware

How does FFD work?

Simply put, FFD enables the additive manufacturing of components out of CIM (and MIM) feedstock. The system, developed by 3d-figo, allows the processing of ceramic and metallic materials. During the process, a green body is built up additively by the FFD 150H system. In a second step, this green body is debinded. In the third step, the body is sintered into a solid metallic or ceramic component.

Available FFD 3D printers:

While there are no clear indications of commercial availability and price, 3D-figo developed its first FFd 150H system while announcing additional versions currently in development

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Model  FFD 150H
Manufacturer  3d-figo
Price NA
Technology  FFD – fused feedstock deposition
Materials  Ceramics (CIM) and metals (MIM): Alumina (Al2O3), Zirconia (ZrO2), Steel.
Effective Build Volume  150 x 150 x 120 mm
Layer Thickness  NA

You can find more information and the specifications for the machine here.

Further reading on 3D-figo and FFD:

• SmarTech Issues First Report on Traditional and Technical Ceramics AM
• Ceramics, Breaking Through the Next 3D Printing Material Frontier / Part 1

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